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Legislative Support for Carports in the EU

Legislative Support for Carports in the EU

Carport
Electromobility
Alternative Energy Sources

28.03.2024

Many EU countries are increasingly converting large areas of car parks into solar carports. In France, and in some German federal states, equipping car parks with solar panels has become a legal obligation, significantly driving up the demand for such projects. A similar boom in solar carports can soon be expected in the Czech Republic.

The demand for electric cars is growing worldwide. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), their share of the global car market will reach almost 20 percent by the end of this year. With the number of electric cars on the road increasing, it's essential to ensure that the charging infrastructure keeps pace.

What about carports in France and Germany?

European Union countries are ahead of the Czech Republic in promoting solar electricity generation in car parks. In France, a law enacted in mid-2023 mandates operators to install solar panels on car parking areas if the capacity of the car park is 80 parking spaces or more. According to the French government, the photovoltaic parking lots created could generate approximately nine to eleven gigawatts of energy, nearly as much as ten nuclear reactors. 

In neighboring Germany, the obligation to install photovoltaics in open parking lots for commercial use has been enacted in the last two years in the states of Baden-Württemberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Schleswig-Holstein, Rhineland-Palatinate, Lower Saxony, and Hesse, with the parameters of the individual regulations varying depending on the state concerned. The minimum number of parking spaces required ranges from 35 to 100.

While in Germany, this requirement applies only to new car parks, in France, the law extends to existing spaces. Interestingly, if this regulation also applied to existing parking lots in Germany, nearly a quarter of the 215 gigawatts of photovoltaic capacity the German government aims to install by 2030 could come from PV in parking lots, according to a study by the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE).

Greenbuddies postavili a zprovoznili carport v Německu
Greenbuddies realizovali carport
Lutzmannsburg carports, pricture taken by drone
Lutzmannsburg carports, pricture taken by drone at night

 

In the Czech Republic, Demand for Carports Is Rising

With the growth of electric cars in the Czech Republic, where the share of electric cars is expected to reach 6.9 percent by 2030, or a total of 496,000 electric cars, according to an estimate by Bloomberg New Energy Finance, the development of charging infrastructure becomes crucial. Currently, there are just over 2,300 public charging stations in the country. Solar carports may offer a viable solution.

Solar carports are increasingly in demand, not only due to the development of electromobility. In the last 12 months, Greenbuddies has seen the demand for solar carports increase by more than 100 percent.

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